Oil Product
In the current primary energy consumption of Cambodia, coal, gasoline, diesel, fuel oil and liquefied petroleum gas are mainly imported from foreign countries. Liquefied petroleum gas is mainly purchased and transported from abroad by ships. Moreover, urban energy consumption is mainly composed of liquefied petroleum gas, raw coal, diesel, gasoline, fuel oil, and electricity.

1.Electricity
The authority of Cambodia is now putting great efforts in the development of electricity infrastructures.
 
Dramatically, the total installed capacity increased from 231MW in 2005 to 3,028MW in 2019, representing a 14.5-fold increase in 15 years. In particular, energy output (energy delivered) increased from 9.77GWh in 2005 to 12.015GWh in 2019, a 12-fold increase in 15 years.
Especially since year 2000, the Cambodian government has vigorously promoted and politically encourage the contraction of hydropower and thermal power plants.
From 2012, the installed capacity of electric power successively climbed to three important stages of 800MW, 1000MW, and 1300MW for three consecutive years.
From a severe power shortage to a seasonal local power surplus (partial water abundance in the rainy season), the Cambodian government’s “electricity priority” strategy has achieved significant results; foreign capital has been used to achieve the leap-forward development of the power sector, which is an underdeveloped country A model for the development of the power sector.
The existing power plants in Cambodia are mainly coal-fired and hydropower, followed by heavy oil power generation and renewable energy power generation (solar and biological power generation). Among them, the total installed capacity of coal-fired power in use is 675MW, the total installed capacity of hydropower is 1,329MW, the total installed capacity of heavy oil power generation is 227MW, and the total installed capacity of renewable energy power generation is 123MW. In 2019, the total installed capacity of Cambodia’s own power generation is 2,755MW, with a total power generation of 8,986.33GWh, accounting for 74.8% of Cambodia’s total electricity demand. The deficiencies are imported from neighboring countries (Thailand, Laos and Vietnam).
In summary, there are 2 coal-fired power plants, 11 hydropower plants, 11 bio-power plants (small scale), 2 solar power plants, and 1 heavy oil power plant in Cambodia.

2. National Grid
The Development Plan for National Grid by 2023 shows that, as of December 2019, the national grid infrastructure construction (115KV-230KV) totaled 2,267 kilometers, and 36 substations directly or indirectly provided power protection for 25 provinces and cities.

3.Natural Gas
Cambodia is currently in the preliminary stage of natural gas energy use. Provinces, cities, and industries are still in the stage of understanding natural gas. It will take time to achieve large-scale use of natural gas.
(1)The application and penetration of natural gas is necessary for a country’s development. The modernization of cities and the improvement of people’s living standards in Cambodia all show that the demand for natural gas is becoming more and more crucial. The safety hazards and environmental pollution caused by residents using bottled liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) also make more and more residents look forward to using natural gas.
(2)Large-scale investment in infrastructure is required for natural gas development. Since Cambodia has no record of using natural gas, it has no natural gas-using equipment, cylinder groups, transportation vehicles and pipeline network infrastructure; therefore, LNG receiving terminal, long-distance pipeline networks, urban gas supply facilities, regasification stations, infrastructures such as fueling stations and transfer stations must be constructed at this stage as necessary guarantee for the rapid popularization of natural gas, the development of natural gas users, and the entry of natural gas into thousands of households.

4.Electricity Price
At present, the basic infrastructure of Cambodia is underdeveloped; the cost of water, electricity and natural gas are relatively high. At the beginning of 2020, the basic electricity price is 0.13~0.2 US dollars/kWh (see the table below for details), the average price of tap water is 0.19 US dollars/cubic meter, and the price of natural gas is 0.64 US dollars/cubic meter.
Cambodia Electricity Tariff Rates
Consumer Type Unit 2018 2019 2020
Purchasing electricity from medium-voltage power grid USD/kWh 0.1475 0.135 0.133
Industrial users connected to 22 kV medium-voltage power grid USD/kWh 0.165 0.147 0.146
Commercial users connected to 22kV medium-voltage power grid USD/kWh 0.165 0.159 0.158
Residential users> 200 kWh/month Riel/kWh 750 740 730
Residential users 51~200 kWh/month Riel/kWh 720 610 610
Residential users 11~50 kWh/month Riel/kWh 610 480 480
Residential users 0~11 kWh/month Riel/kWh 610 380 380
 

5.  Price of Refined Oil Product
The cost of refined oil products in Cambodia is basically linked to the international oil price. With the reduction of international oil prices, the price of refined oil products in the country has also decreased. The prices of different refined oil products in March 2020 are as follows:
Prices of Refined Oil Products
Refined Oil Product Price in March 2020 (Riel) Price in March 2019 (Riel) Price in March 2018 (Riel)
No. 95 gasoline (Liter) 3,500 3,900 3,950
No. 92 gasoline (Liter) 3,050 3,400 3,850
Diesel (Liter) 2,800 3,450 3,650