The Kingdom of Cambodia, is known as Cambodia and has a long history and culture.1. The Natural Environment of Cambodia
Geography: Cambodia is located in the south of the Indochina Peninsula in Asia, bordering Vietnam in the east and southeast, bordering Laos in the north, bordering Thailand in the west and northwest, and bordering the Gulf of Siam in the southwest. Its coastline is about 460 kilometers long. Phnom Penh, the capital of Cambodia, belongs to the East 7 time zone.
Administration: Cambodia is divided into 24 provinces and 1 municipality (Phnom Penh City). The capital Phnom Penh (Phnom Penh), with an area of 678 square kilometers, is the national political, economic, cultural, educational center and transportation hub.
Natural Resources: Cambodia is rich in teak, iron wood, rosewood, ebony and other high-grade wood, and has many kinds of bamboo. The wood reserves are about 1.1 billion cubic meters. The forest coverage rate is 61.4%, mainly distributed in the mountainous regions in the east, north and west. Mineral deposits mainly include petroleum, phosphates, precious stones, gold, iron, bauxite, etc. Cambodia is rich in water resources. Tonle Sap Lake is the largest natural freshwater lake in Southeast Asia and is known as the "fish lake". The southwest coast is also an important fishing ground, producing fish and shrimp.
Climatic conditions: Cambodia has a tropical monsoon climate with two seasons throughout the year: the Rainy Season from May to October each year, and the Dry Season from November to April the following year. The annual average temperature is 24℃, and the hottest month is April with the highest temperature reaching 40℃. The average annual rainfall is 2000 millimeters, of which 90% is concentrated in the period from May to October.
Population distribution: The total population of Cambodia is about 16 million. The geographical distribution of the population is very uneven. The residents are mainly concentrated in the central plains. Phnom Penh and its surrounding economically developed provinces are the most densely populated, with a population of about 2.5 million.
2. Sociocultural Environment of Cambodia
Language: Khmer is the official language, and English is commonly used in government ministries and departments.
Religion: Religion occupies a very important position in the political, social and daily lives of the Cambodian people. Buddhism is the state religion, and people who believe in Theravada Buddhism account for more than 85% of the population.
Government: Cambodia’s government is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system. It implements a free democracy and a free market economy. The three powers of legislation, administration and justice are separated.
Education and medical care: Cambodia implements nine-year compulsory education. Since the 1980s, the government has been taking steps to gradually restore the medical system. According to 2015 statistics, the average life expectancy is 69 years.
Trade unions: The Cambodian Labor Law stipulates that workers may establish trade unions in enterprises, and workers and trade unions may organize strike activities. According to official statistics, there are more than 3,000 trade union organizations in Cambodia.